A work permit is an authorization from a country’s government that allows a non-citizen to work legally in that country. Applying for a U.S. work permit (also known as Employment Authorization Document or EAD) is a fairly simple process.
First, you will need to prove you are eligible by filling out a one-page form as well as attaching the fee, photos and other required documents. Next, you must submit it to the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
Keep in mind that a work permit and a work visa are not the same and require two totally different application processes. Applying for a work visa to the United States, such as an H-1B, is a much more complicated process than obtaining a work permit.
You are a K-1 fiancé visa holder or you have been granted asylum. You have a pending application for adjustment of status (a green card)
You have been granted Deferred Enforced Departure (DED) or Temporary Protected Status (TPS)
You are an F-1 student experiencing economic difficulty or applying for optional practical training (OPT)
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3 Things You Need to Know
About Obtaining a Work Permit
A work permit is only valid for a specific group of immigrants, usually those who are in the process of applying for adjustment of status (a green card).
A work permit is also available for those people who have a temporary right of some kind to be in the U.S.
I-765 is the form used to apply for a work permit and is available for free download on the USCIS website.